Corona virus and its prevention

Corona virus or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a virus that attacks the respiratory system. This disease caused by a viral infection is called COVID-19. Corona virus can cause disorders of the respiratory system, acute pneumonia, until death.

Corona virus and its prevention


Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), better known as the Corona virus, is a new type of coronavirus that is transmitted to humans. This virus can affect anyone, both infants, children, adults, the elderly, pregnant women, and nursing mothers.

This virus infection is called COVID-19 and was first discovered in the city of Wuhan, China, at the end of December 2019. This virus spread quickly and has spread to other regions in China and to several countries, including Indonesia.

Coronavirus is a collection of viruses that can infect the respiratory system. In many cases, this virus only causes mild respiratory infections, such as flu. However, this virus can also cause severe respiratory infections, such as lung infections (pneumonia), Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

Symptoms of Corona Virus

Corona virus infection or COVID-19 can cause sufferers to experience flu symptoms, such as fever, runny nose, cough, sore throat, and headache; or symptoms of severe respiratory infections, such as high fever, cough with phlegm and even bleeding, shortness of breath, and chest pain.

However, in general there are 3 general symptoms that can indicate someone is infected with the Corona virus, namely:

  • Fever (body temperature above 38 degrees Celsius)
  • Cough
  • Hard to breathe


According to research, symptoms of COVID-19 appear within 2 days to 2 weeks after exposure to the Corona virus.

When to see a doctor

Immediately see a doctor if you experience symptoms of Corona virus infection (COVID-19) as mentioned above, especially if symptoms appear 2 weeks after returning from an area that has a COVID-19 case or interacting with sufferers of Corona virus infection. People suspected of being infected with the Corona virus must be immediately taken to the nearest hospital emergency room in order to get proper treatment.

Causes of Corona Virus

Corona virus infection or COVID-19 is caused by coronavirus, which is a group of viruses that infect the respiratory system. In most cases, coronaviruses only cause mild to moderate respiratory infections, such as flu. However, this virus can also cause severe respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

A person can get COVID-19 through a variety of ways, namely:


  • Accidentally inhale saliva splashes from sneezing or coughing sufferers of COVID-19
  • Hold the mouth or nose without washing hands first after touching an object affected by saliva splashes of COVID-19 sufferers
  • Close contact with people with COVID-19, such as touching or shaking hands

Corona virus can infect anyone, but the effect will be more dangerous or even fatal if it occurs in elderly people, pregnant women, people who are sick, or people whose immune systems are weak.

Corona Virus Diagnosis

To determine whether the patient is infected with the Corona virus, the doctor will ask about the symptoms experienced by the patient. The doctor will also ask if the patient is traveling to an area that has a case of Corona virus infection before symptoms appear.

To confirm the diagnosis of COVID-19, the doctor will carry out the following follow-up examinations:

  • Blood sample test
  • A throat swab test to examine sputum samples
  • Chest radiograph to detect infiltrates or fluid in the lungs

Corona Virus Treatment

  • Corona virus infection or COVID-19 can not be treated, but there are some steps that doctors can take to reduce symptoms and prevent the spread of the virus, namely:
  • Refer COVID-19 sufferers to undergo treatment and caratina at the designated hospital
  • Provide fever and pain relievers that are safe and in accordance with the patient's condition
  • Encourage sufferers of COVID-19 to take a warm bath and use a humidifier to relieve a cough and sore throat
  • Encourage sufferers of COVID-19 to get enough rest
  • Encourage sufferers of COVID-19 to drink lots of water to maintain body fluid levels
Complications of Corona Virus

In severe cases, Corona virus infection can cause the following serious complications:

  • Pneumonia
  • Secondary infection of other organs
  • Kidney failure
  • Acute cardiac injury
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Dead

Corona Virus Prevention

  • Until now, there is no vaccine to prevent Corona virus infection or COVID-19. Therefore, the best preventive way is to avoid the factors that can cause you to be infected with this virus, namely:
  • Avoid traveling to public places that are crowded with visitors.
  • Use a mask when on the move in public places or crowds.
  • Wash your hands regularly with water

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